Types Water Filtration Systems

Drinking water from glass

Water Filtration Types | Water Filtration System Sugar Land

It is difficult for homeowners to determine if their household requires water treatment and if so, what type of water filtration system in Sugar Land they require. There are a number of water filtration types available, and each is engineered to handle specific contaminates. The system you select should be matched to the specific contaminants identified in your water.

The National Science Foundation (NSF) has published a contaminant selection guide for identifying products that are certified to reduce specific contaminants. For example, if your water is contaminated with Nitrates, it recommends reverse osmosis filtration.

To begin, request a water quality report from your supplier, or if you have a private well, have the water tested. Some home supply stores provided free test kits. Once the contaminants are identified, you can then select the appropriate water filtration system in Sugar Land required to address your specific water quality issues.

Is Water Filtration Necessary?

The quality of water will be specific to your location and the type of treatment provided by the supplier. Few water suppliers provide the filtration required to ensure entirely “safe” water. For example, while some suppliers do filter water, an accidental chemical release upstream from the facility may contaminate the water with toxins the filtration system in use can’t remove. The fact is the majority of municipal water systems don’t filter water for chemicals and heavy metals.

Biological contaminants are an additional unknown factor, that can possibly occur after flooding or heavy rain run-off, for example. The chlorination of public water isn’t a guarantee against all biological contaminates. Greater assurance requires the installation of a water filtration system in Sugar Land.

According to the World Health Organization, 4.3 million people die each year from drinking contaminated water, primarily in underdeveloped countries where people drink untreated water. Approximately 900 die each year in the U.S. from ingesting water contaminated by various microorganisms. While the numbers are far lower in the U.S., water purification becomes an important consideration for many families who want the assurance of clean water. For those homeowners with water quality concerns, a water filtration system in Sugar Land can provide increased peace of mind as well as cleaner water.

Water Purification Removes Contaminates Water purification removes contaminants from water. Substances that are removed during the process include parasites, bacteria, algae, viruses, fungi, and minerals, toxic metals such as Lead, Copper, etc., and man-made chemical pollutants.

The number of contaminants’ that are removed can vary among products. Read the fine print to ensure you receive the product required for your water. As a general rule, a higher level of contaminants will increase the frequency of filter or membrane replacement.

Ensure a product will supply the quantity of filtered water that you require. A carafe filter supplies only a small amount. Furthermore, ensure that you select a water filtration system in Sugar Land that is certified by the National Sanitation Foundation and designed to reduce the contaminants found in your water quality report.

Product Type

There are numerous kinds of water treatment products available for residential use:

  • Whole house water filtration systems (also called point-of-entry (POE) systems) treat all of the water entering a residence. They are usually installed on the residential side of the water meter or pressurized storage tank if the source is a private well. A POE may provide a water filtration system in Sugar Land or water softening.
  • Point-of-use (POU) water filtration systems treat water in a single location, such as at the kitchen sink or refrigerator.

The following brief overview of common POU water filtration system in Sugar Land can help you determine the best selection for your needs:

  • Personal water bottles provide a reusable bottle with a built-in filter and are designed for individual use.
  • Pitcher filters use gravity to move water through a filter. Most products in this category have a limited capacity.
  • Faucet mounted filters attach to the end of a standard kitchen sink faucet and allow the selection of filtered or non-filtered water.
  • Countertop filters sit on the counter next to the kitchen sink and connect to the end of the kitchen sink faucet.
  • Plumbed systems are installed inline and filter all water passing through the pipe, typically cold water lines with the exception of shower supply.
  • Plumbed to separate faucet systems install similarly to plumbed-in systems. However, the filtered water is dispensed through its own dedicated faucet.
  • Refrigerator filters treat water and ice dispensed by a refrigerator.

Product Standards by Technology
NSF/ANSI standards cover residential water treatment systems:

  • Filtration reduces contaminants by trapping them in the filter or by being adsorbed or broken down by the filter media contained in the system. Activated charcoal and charcoal blocks are a subset of filtration (NSF/ANSI 42 and NSF/ANSI 53).
  • Water softeners covered utilize cation exchange resin, regenerated with sodium chloride or potassium chloride, to reduce excess calcium and magnesium (also called hard water) from the water. These minerals are replaced with sodium or potassium ions, depending upon the type of softening agent utilized (NSF/ANSI 44).
  • Ultraviolet disinfection systems use ultraviolet light to disinfect water (Class A systems) or to treat heterotrophic (non-disease causing) bacteria in the water (Class B systems) (NSF/ANSI 55).
  • Reverse Osmosis systems reverse the natural flow of water with water passes from a more concentrated solution to a more dilute solution through a semi-permeable membrane. The majority of reverse osmosis systems incorporate pre- and post-filters along with the membrane (NSF/ANSI 58).
  • Distiller systems heat water to the boiling point and then collect the water vapor as it condenses. This process leaves many of the contaminants behind, particularly heavy metals. Some contaminants that convert readily into gases, such as volatile organic chemicals, can carry over with the water vapor (NSF/ANSI 62).
  • Shower filter systems attach to residential shower head supply pipes and are designed to reduce chlorine levels in shower water (NSF/ANSI 177).

Maintenance Water filtration system in Sugar Landrequire routine maintenance for proper and effective operation. Replace filter cartridges, reverse osmosis membranes and other requirements on a regular basis as recommended by the manufacturer in the owner’s manual.

There is a water filtration system in Sugar Land for every budget and a water filtration type for every need. Benjamin Franklin Plumbing® of Rosenberg water filtration specialists can assist you in selecting the water filtration system in Sugar Land your water requires and your budget allows. We provide first quality plumbing services in Sugar Land, Katy, Houston, and the surrounding areas. We are a member of the BBB with a consistent A+ rating.

Benjamin Franklin Plumbing® of Rosenberg has years of experience in plumbing repairs and systems. If you have any issues with your plumbing system in Sugar Land, feel free to call us at (281) 616-3978.